Modelling Auto Ignition of Hydrogen in a Jet Ignition Pre-chamber

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International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Pages: 
3881-3890
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
8
Date: 
Thursday, April 1, 2010
DOI: 
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.01.114

Spark-less jet ignition pre-chambers are enablers of high efficiencies and load control by quantity of fuel injected when coupled with direct injection of main chamber fuel, thus permitting always lean burn bulk stratified combustion. Towards the end of the compression stroke, a small quantity of hydrogen is injected within the pre-chamber, where it mixes with the air entering from the main chamber. Combustion of the air and fuel mixture then starts within the pre-chamber because of the high temperature of the hot glow plug, and then jets of partially combusted hot gases enter the main chamber igniting there in the bulk, over multiple ignition points, lean stratified mixtures of air and fuel. The paper describes the operation of the spark-less jet ignition pre-chamber coupling CFD and CAE engine simulations to allow component selection and engine performance evaluation.

Rights: 
2010 Professor T. Nejat Veziroglu
Author Name: 
A. A. Boretti
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