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The Oregon State University (OSU) High Temperature Test Facility (HTTF) is an integral experimental facility that will be constructed on the OSU campus in Corvallis, Oregon. The HTTF project was initiated, by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), on September 5, 2008 as Task 4 of the 5-year High Temperature Gas Reactor Cooperative Agreement via NRC Contract 04-08-138. Until August, 2010, when a DOE contract was initiated to fund additional capabilities for the HTTF project, all of the funding support for the HTTF was provided by the NRC via a cooperative agreement. The U.S. Department...
This paper deals with the design and development of an innovative airship concept which is remotely-controlled and intended to be used for monitoring, surveillance, exploration and reconnaissance missions. Two potential solutions have been analyzed: the first consists of a double-hull configuration, characterized by the presence of a primary support structure connected by appropriated bindings to a couple of twin inflatable hulls. The second architecture is a soap-shaped exoskeleton configuration which features a single inflated section, incorporating two separate elements held internally by...
In order to optimize the balance between aerodynamics and air-cooling performances for a motorcycle, a simulation method of external flow around a vehicle has been developed. In this paper, steady-state flow calculations were performed using two types of turbulence models, the realizable k-ε and the SST k-ω , and two levels of mesh sizes of computational models and their results were compared. To validate the computational results, wind tunnel tests were conducted and CD, CL and mean velocity of flow passing through heat exchangers were measured. The computational results on drag coefficient...
Partially–premixed combustion occurs in many combustion devices of practical interest, such as gas–turbine combustors. Development of corresponding turbulent combustion models is important to improve the design of these systems in efforts to reduce fuel consumption and pollutant emissions. Turbulent lifted flames have been a canonical problem for testing models designed for partially–premixed turbulent combustion. In this paper we propose modifications to the coherent flame model (CFM) so that it can be brought to the simulation of partially-premixed combustion. For the primary premixed flame...
Simulations using CFD and chemical kinetics models have been applied to gain a better understanding of the effect of the recirculated gases on the autoignition process during cold starting of a direct injection diesel engine. The cranking gases recirculated (CGR) contain fuel vapor and partial oxidation products which affect the autoignition process in different ways. Some hydrocarbons (HCs) species enhance the reaction rates and reduce ignition delay. Meanwhile other HCs species and the partial oxidation products of the autoignition process have an opposing effect. The simulation covered a...
The aim of the presentation is to demonstrate the possibilities of predicting loads on partially submerged, moving structures, in particular on tanks in ships and on offshore platforms. Since tanks can in reality move arbitrarily, we are using the moving grid approach and a Finite Volume solution method designed to cater for arbitrary motions of polyhedral control volumes. The motion of liquid is computed using an interface-capturing scheme which allows overturning and breaking of waves. By performing a coupled simulation of the flow and vessel motion, it is possible to obtain a realistic...
Thisstudy is focused on the simulation of open channel turbulentflow over flooded laboratory scale bridge decks and formation ofscour holes under various flooding conditions. Solutions for turbulent flowfield are based on Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations andturbulence closure models using the STAR-CD commercial computational fluid dynamics(CFD) software. An iterative computational methodology is developed for predictingequilibrium scour profiles using the single-phase flow model with amoving boundary formulation. The methodology relies on an empirical correlationfor critical...

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