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CD-adapco has been involved with simulation in the ground transportation industry for nearly a third of a century. Initially, simulation was used solely to investigate the cause of a failure. Models were fairly simple that looked only at a specific features of the design, for example to ensure that coolant flow reached the critical areas of an engine design (most likely one that had failed on the testbed). Today the role of simulation is more mature, and allows engineers to analyze the performance of entire systems of components, operating under real life scenarios - such as a vehicle towing...
ART Grand Prix, a motorsport company based near Paris in France, is committed to the highest level of motorsport. Competing actively in GP2, GP3 and GT championships, this team has built a strong palmares over the last decade. Some of their former drivers, like Sebastian Vettel and Lewis Hamilton, subsequently became world champions in Formula 1. Without denying the talent of the drivers, their success is not only due to them. Behind these victories and these titles, there is a team of mechanics and engineers dedicated to extracting the best from the cars while respecting the technical,...
Manufacturers of agricultural combines and harvesting equipment have a special need to model non-spherical solid particles in gas flows usually in combination with complex moving wall boundaries and and extremely complex geometry. Over the years STAR-CCM+ has made great strides towards producing an ideal tool for use in developing agricultural harvesting equipment but with a few typical examples of agricultural flows of interest, features still badly needed for this type of product development will be demonstrated.
‘ VPD' , or Virtual Product Development, will certainly be more and more pervasive in the future of engineering. By reducing the number of physical prototypes, not only is there significant savings for testing and wind tunnel time, but turnaround time from concept to final design can be reduced by running hundreds, or even thousands of virtual product tests to discover trends and responses of your product that can be missed with the relatively slow pace and high costs of physical tests. OpenRoad™ demonstrates that full ground vehicle aerodynamics, thermal under hoods, and cooling package...
Problem: Often an engine should fit into several vehicle applications, requiring that some parts have to be modified to match all package configurations. Driven by such package constraints, an inlet pipe to the water-pump inlet had to be redesigned resulting in a 180 degree coolant direction change in front of the water pump inlet. In the beginning the U-flow shaped design was generating an inhomogeneous and non-uniform inlet flow at the water-pump entry. This will reduce the water-pump efficiency and might cause cavitation at the impeller. Solution: For this case the first-in-industry...
The thermal analysis has a key role in piston water pump design; in fact, the pumps have to endure long time operation and the lubrication system has to accomplish the task of both reducing the friction between moving components and to transfer the heat produced by the frictions in order to avoid overheating. The lubricating and cooling effects depend on a number of parameters of the lubricating system, such as the amount of oil in the crank case and the material and the geometry of the components; selecting the best configuration for all the pump operating conditions is a challenging...
STAR-CCM+ and FieldView have been used, through an extract based post-processing workflow, to analyze a very large transient simulation case. This method not only allowed to monitor simulation results over time, such as the maximum temperature of thousands of car parts and their comparison with the critical temperature of each material. But also to investigate transient phenomena interactively, in order to gain better understanding. To our knowledge, this work is unprecedented in the automotive industry.
Vehicle thermal protection has become more important than ever in the vehicle development process. Harsher emission standards and improved fuel economy driven by legislation weighs against the driver’s desise for cars with good driving performance. These challenges are driving development towards compact engine layouts with higher specific engine performance. In addition, a tighter packaging of the exhaust system next to the engine is causing higher thermal loads in the engine compartment. The major aim of thermal protection is to ensure that all components inside the vehicle stay well below...
Hybrid RANS-LES methods can be very useful when high detailed insight into turbulent flow is required, in which instantaneous fluctuations play a critical role. For example when a high-accuracy prediction of complex flow separation is needed, or for insight into thermal fatigue due to fluctuating flows at different temperature, or for the approximation of acoustic noises levels via measurement of fluctuating pressure. Compared to the full deployment of Large Eddy Simulation (LES), the Hybrid methods are designed to retain an economical RANS turbulence model in regions where they are expected...
Degrémont is a global leader in the design, build and operation of water and wastewater treatment plants all over the world. These plants employ a number of components standardized by Degrémont but since each plant is unique, bespoke design is necessary in both new-builds and retrofits when it comes to the large treatment structures. Together, all of the components that form a treatment plant intend to change the physical and chemical characteristics of the water to suit the delivery needs (potabilisation and/or pollutants removal by filters, settlers, biological aerated tanks, to name a few...

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