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Three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method was used to model the boiling two-phase flow in one of the PSBT 5-by-5 rod bundle tests. The rod bundle with all the spacers was modeled explicitly using unstructured computational grids. The “six-equation, two-fluid model” with the wall boiling model were used to model the boiling two-phase flows in the bundle. The computed void fractions compare well with the measured data at the measuring plane. In addition to the averaged void data, the CFD results give a very detailed picture of the flow and void distributions in the bundle and...
Unsteady numerical simulations of air flow, mixed with micron particles, through a human lung conducting zone during inhalation have been performed. The process included importing images from a high resolution CT-Scan into a CFD software, generation of the CFD model and then CFD simulation over a 4 seconds cycle (2 seconds for inhalation and 2 seconds for exhalation). The inlet diameter was 11 mm and the flow rates were 5, 7.5, and 15 liters/ min. Only results for the highest flow rate are presented. The implicit-unsteady Reynolds Average Navier-Stokes equations with the Wilcox K-ω turbulence...
The vehicle windshield defogging performance has direct influence under driver safety. In extreme situations, when the vehicle is not equipped with air conditioner and loaded with maximum occupancy, the defroster system must correctly direct the flow in order to defog pre-defined regions on the windshield. This process can't take too long and must guarantee a minimum fog-free area to increase driver's visibility. The main objective of this paper is to demonstrate the defogging simulation methodology developed by FIAT Brazil and Multicorpos Engineering. It uses CFD simulations with STAR-CCM+...
This paper presents the CFD modeling methodology and validation for steady-state, normal operation in a PWR fuel assembly. This work is part of a program that is developing a CFD methodology for modeling and predicting single-phase and two-phase flow conditions downstream of structural grids that have mixing devices. The purpose of the mixing devices (mixing vanes in this case) is to increase turbulence and improve heat transfer characteristics of the fuel assembly. The detailed CFD modeling methodology for single-phase flow conditions in PWR fuel assemblies was developed using the STAR-CD...
The commercial CFD code STAR-CD 4.02 is used as a numerical simulation tool for flows in the supercritical water-cooled nuclear reactor (SCWR). The basic heat transfer element in the reactor core can be considered as round tubes and tube bundles. Reactors with vertical or horizontal flow in the core can be found. In vertically oriented core, symmetric characters of flow and heat transfer can be found and two-dimensional analyses are often performed. However, in horizontally oriented core the flow and heat transfer are fully three-dimensional due to the buoyancy effect. In this paper,...
The commercial CFD code STAR-CD 4.02 is used as a numerical simulation tool for flows in the supercritical water-cooled nuclear reactor (SCWR). The basic heat transfer element in the reactor core can be considered as round tubes and tube bundles. Reactors with vertical or horizontal flow in the core can be found. In a vertically oriented core, symmetric characters of flow and heat transfer can be found and two-dimensional analyses are often performed. However, in a horizontally oriented core the flow and heat transfer are fully three-dimensional due to the buoyancy effect. In this paper,...
FORCE Technology and Grontmij│Carl Bro in Denmark have been involved in a joint project under DCMT (Danish Centre for Maritime Technology). Based on promising CFD results obtained in , and plus indications that the rudder size or type and rudder leading edge-propeller distance could influence the propulsive power, the goal of this project was to investigate the fuel saving effect of different rudders and their longitudinal position behind the ship. Further, the intension was also to study pre-swirl stators located in front of the propeller. The investigation was conducted as a combination of...
Innovations in Engineering Simulation for Today’s Electric & Hybrid Vehicles
This event provides viewers with the latest information on engineering simulation technology impacting the development of Electric & Hybrid vehicles. Presenters cover applications in electric aircraft, satellite technology and other alternative forms of transport.
This paper presents the application of state-of-the-art Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations to sailing and motor yachts. It aims to demonstrate that simulations are a good alternative to tank testing for the super and mega yacht industry. The simulations are based on experience gathered over the last few years designing high performance racing boats, especially in America's Cup and Volvo Ocean Race campaigns, the Formula One of the seas. CFD is one of the new technologies that can, as was done in the auto industry, be successfully transferred from the racing environment to general...
One aspect of the Westinghouse AP1000™ 1 reactor design is the reduction in the number of major components and simplification in manufacturing. One design change relative to current Westinghouse reactors of similar size is that AP1000 reactor vessel has two nozzles/hot legs instead of three. With regard to fuel performance, this design difference creates a different flow field in the reactor vessel upper plenum. The flow exiting from the core and entering the upper plenum must turn toward one of the two outlet nozzles and flow laterally around numerous control rod guide tubes and support...

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